ISO 27001 – Information Security Management System

What is ISO 27001:2018 Information Security Management System?

ISO 27001 Certification is a standard for the Information Security Management System (ISMS). An ISMS is a framework of policies and procedures that includes all legal, physical, and technical controls involved in an organization’s information risk management processes.

ISO 27001 Certification

It is a framework designed to limit security breaches and minimizing the risk levels against any Cyberattacks. ISMS helps all business sectors, be it small, medium, or large, secure all the information assets.
The best standard among ISO/IEC 27000 is the family that fulfills all ISMS requirements, including Data Privacy and Cyber Security.

Information Security Management Regulatory Framework Process

During Implementation

• Gap and Risk Assessment
• Remediation Work
• Certification Audit
• Corrective Action

Ongoing After Implementation

• ISMS Governance
• Business Plan, Goals, CSF, KPI
• Risk Management
• Audit
• Awareness Training

Risk Assessment 

• Risk Assessment will be implemented within the Information Security Management System (ISMS)
• Continual Improvement of the ISMS
• Methodologies of Risk Assessment.

Steps in Risk Assessment and Methodology

• GDPR and Risk Assessment
• Process / Methodology of Risk Assessment
• Elements of Risk Assessment
• Identifying the Risk
• Risk= Impact + Likelihood
• Risk Ownership
• Risk Implementation
• Treatment Plan
• Risk Assessment Report

What are the Clauses of This Certification?

This Certification formally specifies an Information Security Management System (ISMS), Suite of activities concerning the management of information risks (called ‘information security risks in the standard). The ISMS is an overreaching management framework through which the organization identifies, analyzes, and addresses its information risks.

1. Context of the Organization

Understanding the organizational context, the needs, and expectations of ‘interested parties, and defining the scope of ISMS. The organization shall establish, implement, maintain and continually improve the ISMS.

2. Leadership

Top management must demonstrate leadership and commitment to the ISMS, mandate policy, and assign information security roles, responsibilities, and authorities.

3. Planning

Outlines the process to identify, analyze and plan to treat information risks, and clarify the objectives of information security.

4. Support

Adequate, Competent resources must be assigned, awareness raised, documentation prepared and controlled.

5. Operation

Additional detail about assessing and treating information risks, managing changes, and documenting things (party so that they can be audited by the certification auditors).

6. Performance Evaluation

Monitor, Measure, Analyze, and evaluate/audit/review the information security controls, processes, and management system, systematically improving things were necessary.

7. Improvement

Address the findings of audits and reviews (e.g. nonconformities and corrective actions), make continual refinements to the ISMS.

Information Security Controls

  • Information Security Policies
  • Organization of Information Security
  • Human Resources Security
  • Asset Management
  • Access Control
  • Cryptography
  • Physical and Environmental Security
  • Operations Security
  • Communications Security
  • System Acquisition, Development, and Maintenance
  • Supplier Relations
  • Information Security Incident Management
  • Information Security Aspects of Business Continuity Management
  • Compliance

What are the Key Steps to Implement this Certification?

So, a lot of people talk about implementing an ISMS and often think that’s an extremely complex thing to do, but actually, there is a number of key steps which will allow you to very quickly get your ISMS off the ground within a 10 days period.

1. Organizational Context

The First step to success really is to understand what we call the context of your organization and that is simply about taking some time to understand the kind of products and services you offer to your customers and understand the kind of risks in your organization so that you can actually build your ISMS in the right path of your business and protect those processes that really do need to be controlled from a security point of view.

2. External Context

Once you have an understanding of the internal context and those important business processes and assets and so forth, you then need to take a look at what’s going on outside of your organization; what kind of legislation applies to your business from a security point of view, what sort of threats and risks do you face from the outside.

So if you got intellectual property, would your competitors be interested in that intellectual property? Would cybercriminals be interested in that kind of data you have? So you get an excellent understanding, and from there, you can set up about writing your ISMS scope. An ISMS scope is critical. If you start with a reasonably small size, you can then implement an ISMS quite quickly. And then, over time, your strategy could be to grow the ISMS from there.

3. Information Security Policy

Once you have understood the scope of and exactly where in your organization you’d like to start implementing your ISMS. the next thing is to ensure that your management fully understands your strategy, then the benefits behind this, and there are several things that we can do and one way of showing that management commitment is putting together a clear information security policy.

In that policy, that’s where you’re going to state what your ISMS is trying to achieve. i.e., the objectives, and indeed, you should have several goals focused on security and the commercial benefits that your ISMS can bring.

4. Management Approval

Once you have put that set-up policy together, as this is where you need to convince management and often many organization, one of the best ways to convince management here is that implementing proactive processes can, believe it or not, reduce your costs.

You can reduce your costs by understanding the risks you face, understanding the business processes, and often when you do, you often find many opportunities for increased efficiency savings. You can reduce the costs of potential security breaches in the future.

But the biggest thing, a lot of organizations see when they are certified with this certification, they become recognized by their customers as actually taking cybersecurity and information security seriously. so with those messages, the next step is to get that management sign off and approval, so everybody knows that is driven from the top of your organization.

5. Risk Assessment

A bit earlier on, you start by understanding the context and thinking about some of the risks and where they might come from – threats to your information security. The next step is to agree with the process of how you are going to those risks and wear them up and consider what your most significant risks are.

Many organizations get very scared of this because there are many complicated and in-depth risk assessment methods out there. But, if you are looking to get an ISMS off the ground quickly, there is nothing to stop you. You are just starting with the basic methodology.

Just coming up with some risk scenarios and how we tend to do it is asking the question, well, you know, “where are the threats coming from? “who is there who might want to compromise our information, steal our information?”. and so forth. What kind of techniques might they use? There are usually many contenders, whether insider fraud risks, whether it be a text from cyber-criminal groups, competitors, and so forth.

There are pretty several simple-easy-to-understand methods out there that will at least get you started. In due course, you can become more sophisticated and dig deeper into these risk scenarios, but for now, to get the ISMS off the ground within the ten days that we are talking about, this is a great place to start.

6. Risk Treatment Plan

Once you understand the risks you are facing, you can then work with your colleagues in your organization to design or come up with something called a Risk Treatment Plan. Quite Simply, a risk treatment plan is just laying out for each of those, whether you feel those risks will be acceptable to the organization or whether you can take some action to reduce those risks perhaps or at least manage them to a level that both the organization and its management are comfortable with.

7. Risk Measures

Once you have your risk treatment plan together, so you have decided what actions you will take, you take a good look at those security controls. You choose the relevant ones to your organization based on the risk assessment that you did earlier.

8. Statement of Applicability

Once you identified what those security controls are, simply what you do, and you can simple spreadsheet approach to do this- you can document all of this in a Statement of Applicability.

A statement of applicability says: “which of those controls you are implementing and why?” and “Which controls you’ve chosen not to implement?” if you choose not to implement controls, it’s essential that you can justify that and state why, and when you are deciding which of these controls are required it comes back to three or four different things.

  • Is there a risk that you need to manage (in which case you select a control??
  • Is there a legal requirement to implement the control (indeed, when you look at things like data protection regulations and GDPS that are coming up, this has specific requirements for controls?)
  • Is there a regulatory reason for the control? (Perhaps if you are processing credit card data, you’ll have demanded from PSI DSS and things like this).
  • Or is there a continual obligation from your customers (who might ask you to implement certain things such as responding to an incident within a specific timeframe)?

So these are some of the things that you might consider. Of course, we know that many organizations, when you look at their security, they’ve probably implemented many of the controls from this certification already. You might call those your baseline controls as well, so it’s also worth looking at what you already have in place.

9. Internal Audit

Once you have taken the steps you have your controls in place, the following process that we need to design to get your ISMS off the ground is the internal audit process. An internal audit process allows somebody else in the organization, or perhaps outside the organization, to have an independent review of your management system.

We can do that fairly quickly if you start with a small scope; we can get the audit team to look at specific parts of your ISMS. What’s important is those who perform those internal audits and are independent in the work being done. So, in other words, they’re not auditing parts of the management system that they are responsible for or are involved with and that those individuals are competent.

So how would you define whether somebody is capable of doing your internal audit? Well, perhaps you could look at things like their experience, their certifications, which certainly give an idea as to whether those auditors are competent. So, once you’ve sourced your skilled auditors, you can very quickly put together an audit program.

10. Management Review

The final step in the Chain of the process is to establish and relate to what we call a management review. So once you’ve taken your time to identify risks, implement your controls, and also check whether those controls are working. You have done your internal audit; the final step is to work with senior management to understand whether the ISMS is achieving what you’ve set out to complete and identify where you go from here in terms of your security strategy.

The key thing to stress with all of those points is the simple processes you need to design to get an ISMS up and running. To get real benefit from your ISMS is not just about certification. It is not just about doing what you need to do to get through the audit.

There is a lot of work from here to do in terms of embedding these processes., raising awareness. Get people in your organization familiar with their role from a security point of view and have a long-term strategy to achieve your objectives. But the ten steps we’ve just written are a great way of starting the project and getting something together in your organization.

What are the Benefits to My Business?

Implementing this certification to the system will give the following benefits to your organization:

-Reduce the need for audits

This Certification is globally recognized as a symbol of security, hence reducing the need for organizations to undergo external audits.

– Improve structure and focus

This globally recognized standard enables organizations to wind up more beneficial as “information risk responsibilities” are purely secured by attaining Information Security Management certification.

– Protect and enhance business

In today’s Cloud storage-based world, cyber-attacks are increasing vigorously, and they might cause financial and reputational damage, which can be disastrous. Implementing this Certification can help and protect organizations against such threats and give credibility to clients.

– Avoid financial penalties and loss with data breaches

This Certification is the acknowledged worldwide benchmark for the powerful administration of data resources, empowering the certified organization to avoid heavy penalties due to non-compliance with data protection, leading to financial loss due to data breaches.

Why Is this Certification needed?

Even though each organization produces its risk assessment report, it still needs certifications to fully secure and be aware of cybercrimes’ threats. The following reasons elaborate why this ISMS certification
It was developed to provide a model for establishing, implementing, operating, monitoring, reviewing, maintaining, and improving an information security management system.

  • Its implementation is a benefit for the organization so that the certified body does not need to make an extra effort to satisfy external audits.
  • This certification controls and manages risk in an organized and appropriate manner for the business.
  • Built into this ISMS management system is a continuous implementation cycle.

Plan – Do – Check – Act

Following this cycle will allow the organizations to improve their security controls continuously. In addition, this check & balance and updated security to prevent data breaches may give these certified bodies a more comprehensive business.

Information Security Management certified bodies withholding vital accreditations from renowned certification bodies follow their benchmarks for cybersecurity. Information security is a business problem, not an IT problem because risk-based approaches are essential for effectiveness in modern information security.

Moreover, its implementation gives confidence to the management and the clients as Certification is a powerful way of demonstrating that you have contributed and will continue to invest in keeping suitable levels of security based on acknowledged risks.

Certification In Pakistan

Pakistan is steadily growing in Information technology infrastructure and data-driven businesses. This change is bringing stricter data- security and data- privacy laws. With existing and new cybersecurity threats, organizations must adopt data security standards prescribed by this Certification.

From initial security audit to risk assessment, business impact analysis to implementation, TUV Austria’s team makes sure that all processes are followed according to international standards.

TUV Austria Bureau of Inspection and Certification provides the best-in-class Certification. We take pride in delivering excellent services across a myriad of industries in Pakistan & Bangladesh.

What is the Certification Process?

Planning & Scoping

The Auditor will seek to understand the scope of the certification and establish dates for the Stage 1 Audit

Docs:  ISO 27001 Application Later

Stage 1 Audit

The Auditor will typically examine ‘high risk’ items to validate the client is ready for stage 2 Audit. This is typically remote or 1-2 days on-site, Depending on the auditor.

Docs:  ISMS, Information Security Policies, Risk Assessment, Internal Audit.

Stage 2 Audit

Stage 2 is the most intrusive part of the audit. The auditor will typically be on-site for at least 1 week.

Docs:  Your Team will need to provide between 100-150 audit articles.

What is the Cost of this Certification in Pakistan?

In today’s cloud computing environment, organizations that want to reduce costs without compromising information security are looking at this Certification as a value for money solution.

It is not possible to come up with the cost without a detailed risk assessment. Price also depends on many factors like:

  • Size of Organization.Structure of Operations.
  • Maturity and Complexity of Existing IT Systems.

Generally, this certification cost in Pakistan is not much compared to the cybersecurity and brand equity benefits it offers to organizations and their valuable data.


  • This does not have to be a complex one but rather an insight into what events might affect your business.
  • Each business department should be consulted when carrying out this task, as you will be aware of all the potential risks affecting your business.

Why Choose TUV Austria Bureau of Inspection & Certification For Implementing Certifications Requirement

Some of the leading international accreditation bodies have awarded TUV Austria Bureau of Inspection & Certification with the accreditation to offer certification to a vast range of industry sectors. The TUV Austria Bureau of Inspection & Certification certification services is the preferred brand across multiple industry sectors.

Local Regulatory authorities like The Pakistan National Accreditation Council (PNAC) and The Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC) also recognize TUV Austria Bureau of Inspection & Certification as a leading certification and inspection body in Pakistan. TUV Austria Bureau of Inspection & Certification has earned global respect instead of its approach and service quality through its highly trained and experienced Consultants. Our professional auditors work with clients to ensure that the requirements are maintained and continuously improved to be up to customers’ expectations and the law.

In addition, to this certification audit we also offer a range of complimentary services:


What is the series of standards?

The ISO/IEC 27000-series (also known as the ‘ISMS Family of Standards’ or ‘ISO27K’ for short) comprises information security standards published jointly by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electro-technical Commission (IEC).

Why Is This Certification Preferred Over Other Standards of Information Security?

This Certification is a flexible standard that all industries and developments can adopt. It can be coordinated at numerous layers to ensure security and compliance. Its flexibility gives it a distinctive edge over other Information Security standards.

What is the ISO 27002 standard?

ISO/IEC 27002 is an information security standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and by the International Electro-technical Commission (IEC), titled Information technology – Security techniques – Code of practice for information security controls.

What is the difference between ISO 27001 and 27002?

ISO/IEC 27002:2013 gives guidelines for organizational information security standards and information security management practices. It is a document that offers in-depth guidance on how to implement ISO 27001 standards. So, an organization cannot get Certification for ISO 27002.

How much time does it take to get a Certification?

 On average, this Certification takes 8 to 9 months to implement.

What is GDPR?

The General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (“GDPR”) is a regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy for all individuals within the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). It also addresses the export of personal data outside the EU and EEA areas.

Can we get this Certification without having ISO 9001?

 Yes, We can obtain it without ISO 9001.

Is it only for IT Department?

NO, Security is everyone’s job! Every organization needs to protect its sensitive data. Risks are identified, and Risk Treatment Plan is implemented to prevent loss of data.

Integration for Customer Feedback?

An integrated system means a company can efficiently manage the quality of its services, handle customer feedback and solve problems while keeping information safe.

Would you mind sending an Enquiry so we can assist you in getting certified?

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