ISO 27001 – Information Security Management System

ISO 27001: 2018 Information Security Management System

Its Certification is a standard for the Information Security Management System (ISMS). An ISMS is a framework of policies and procedures that includes all legal, physical, and technical controls involved in an organization’s information risk management processes.

What Is ISO 27001: 2018 Certification?

It is a framework designed to limit security breaches and minimizing the risk levels against any Cyberattacks. ISMS helps all business sectors, be it small, medium, or large, to secure all the information assets.

The best standard among ISO/IEC 27000 is the family that fulfills all ISMS requirements, including Data Privacy and Cyber Security.

ISO 27001 Certification

ISO 27001: 2018 Regulatory Framework Process

During Implementation

• ISO 27001 ISMS Framework Selected
• Gap and Risk Assessment
• Remediation Work
• Certification Audit
• Corrective Action

Ongoing After Implementation

• ISMS Governance
• Business Plan, Goals, CSF, KPI
• Risk Management
• Audit
• Awareness Training

Risk Assessment Within the ISO 27001: 2018 Framework

• Risk Assessment will be implemented within the Information Security Management System (ISMS)
• Continual Improvement of the ISMS
• Methodologies of Risk Assessment.

Steps in Risk Assessment and Methodology

• GDPR and Risk Assessment
• Process / Methodology of Risk Assessment
• Elements of Risk Assessment
• Identifying the Risk
• Risk= Impact + Likelihood
• Risk Ownership
• Risk Implementation
• Treatment Plan
• Risk Assessment Report

Clauses of ISO 27001: 2018

ISO 27001 formally specifies an Information Security Management System (ISMS), Suite of activities concerning the management of information risks (called ‘information security risks in the standard). The ISMS is an overreaching management framework through which the organization identifies, analyzes, and addresses its information risks.

Context of the Organization

Understanding the organizational context, the needs, and expectations of ‘interested parties, and defining the scope of ISMS. The organization shall establish, implement, maintain and continually improve the ISMS.


Top management must demonstrate leadership and commitment to the ISMS, mandate policy, and assign information security roles, responsibilities, and authorities.


Outlines the process to identify, analyze and plan to treat information risks, and clarify the objectives of information security.


Adequate, Competent resources must be assigned, awareness raised, documentation prepared and controlled.


Additional detail about assessing and treating information risks, managing changes, and documenting things (party so that they can be audited by the certification auditors).

Performance Evaluation

Monitor, Measure, Analyze, and evaluate/audit/review the information security controls, processes, and management system, systematically improving things were necessary.


Address the findings of audits and reviews (e.g. nonconformities and corrective actions), make continual refinements to the ISMS.

ISO 27001: 2018 Controls

  • Information Security Policies
  • Organization of Information Security
  • Human Resources Security
  • Asset Management
  • Access Control
  • Cryptography
  • Physical and Environmental Security
  • Operations Security
  • Communications Security
  • System Acquisition, Development, and Maintenance
  • Supplier Relations
  • Information Security Incident Management
  • Information Security Aspects of Business Continuity Management
  • Compliance

10 Key Steps to Implement ISO 27001: 2018

So, a lot of people talk about implementing an ISMS and often think that’s an extremely complex thing to do, but actually, there is a number of key steps which will allow you to very quickly get your ISMS off the ground within a 10 days period.

Organizational Context

The First step to success really is to understand what we call the context of your organization and that is simply about taking some time to understand the kind of products and services you offer to your customers and understand the kind of risks in your organization so that you can actually build your ISMS in the right path of your business and protect those processes that really do need to be controlled from a security point of view.

External Context

Once you have an understanding of the internal context and those important business processes and assets and so forth, you then need to take a look at what’s going on outside of your organization; what kind of legislation applies to your business from a security point of view, what sort of threats and risks do you face from the outside. So if you got intellectual property, would your competitors be interested in that intellectual property, would cybercriminals be interested in that kind of data you have. So you get a very good understanding and from there you can set up about writing you ISMS scope. An ISMS scope is absolutely critical. If you start with a fairly small scope you can then implement an ISMS quite quickly. and then over time, your strategy could be to grow the ISMS from there.

Information Security Policy

Once you have understood the scope of and exactly where in your organization you’d like to start implementing your ISMS. the next thing really is to ensure that your management fully understood your strategy, then the benefits behind this, and there are a number of things that we can do and one way of showing that management commitment is putting together a clear information security policy and in that policy, that’s where you’re going to state what your ISMS is trying to achieve. i.e. the objectives and indeed, you should have a number of objectives that are both focused on security but also on the commercial benefits that your ISMS can bring.

Management Approval

Clearly, once you have put that set-up policy together, as this is where you really need to convince management and often many organization, one of the best ways to convince management here, is that actually implementing proactive processes can actually believe it or not reduce your costs. You can reduce your costs by understanding the kind of risks you face, understanding the business processes, and often when you do, you often find many opportunities for increased efficiency savings. You can reduce the costs of potential security breaches going forward. But the biggest thing, a lot of organizations see when they are certified to something like ISO 27001; they become recognized by their customers as actually taking cybersecurity and information security seriously. so with those messages, the next step is to get that management sign off and approval, so everybody knows that is driven from the top of your organization.

Risk Assessment

A bit earlier on, you start at the beginning by understanding the context and starting to think about some of the risks and where they might come from – risks to your information security. The next step really is to agree with the process of how you are going to actually those risks and wear them up and consider what your most significant risks are. A lot of organizations get very scared of this because there are many complicated and in-depth risk assessment methods out there. But actually, if you are looking to get an ISMS off the ground quickly there is nothing to stop you. Just starting with the basic methodology. just coming up with some risk scenarios and the way we tend to do it is asking the question well, you know; “where are the threats coming from? “who is there who might want to compromise our information, steal our information?”. and so forth. What kind of techniques might they use? and there is usually the number of contenders whether insider fraud risks, whether it be a text from cyber-criminal groups, whether it be competitors, and so forth. there are quite a number of simple-0 easy-to-understand methods out there, that will at least get you started. Now in due course, obviously you can become more sophisticated and dig deeper into these risk scenarios, but for now, to get the ISMS off the ground, within the 10 days that we are talking about, this is a great place to start.

Risk Treatment Plan

Once you understand the risks that you are facing, you can then work with your colleagues in your organization to design or come up with something called a Risk Treatment Plan’. Quite Simply, a risk treatment plan is just laying out for each of those, whether you feel those risks will be acceptable to the organization or whether you can actually take some kind of action to perhaps reduce those risks or at least manage them to a level that both the organization and its management are comfortable with.

Risk Measures

Once you have your risk treatment plan together, so you have decided what actions you are going to take, what you do is you take a good look at those security controls and you choose the ones that are relevant to your organization based on the risk assessment that you did earlier.

Statement of Applicability

Once you identified what those security controls are, simply what you do and you can simple spreadsheet approach to do this- you can document all of this in a Statement of Applicability. A statement of applicability simply says: “which of those controls you are implementing and why?” and “Which controls you’ve chosen not to implement?” if you choose not to implement controls, it’s very important that you can justify that and state why, and when you deciding which of these controls are required it comes back to three or four different things.

  • Is there a risk that you need to manage (in which case you select a control??
  • Is there a legal requirement to implement the control (certainly when you look at things like data protection regulations and GDPS that is coming up, this has certain requirements for controls?)
  • Is there a regulatory reason for the control? (Perhaps if you are processing credit card data you’ll have demanded from PSI DSS and things like this).
  • Or is there a continual obligation from your customers (who might ask you to implement certain things such as responding to an incident within a certain timeframe)?

So these are some of the things that you might consider. Of course, what we do know is; a lot of organizations, when you look at their security they’ve probably implemented many of the controls from the ISO 27001 already. you might call those your baseline controls as well, so it’s also worth looking at what you already have in place.

Internal Audit

Once you have taken the steps you have your controls in place, the next process that we need to design as part of getting your ISMS off the ground is the internal audit process. Simply what an internal audit process is to allow somebody else in the organization to, or perhaps outside the organization, to have an independent review of your management system. We can do that fairly quickly if you start with a small scope, we can get the audit team to look at certain parts of your ISMS. What’s important is those people that perform those internal audits and are independent in the work being done. So in other words they’re not auditing parts of the management system that they are responsible for or are involved with and that those individuals are competent. So how would you define whether somebody is competent to do your internal audit? Well, perhaps you could look at things like their experience, their certifications, things like ISO 27001 Lead Auditor, certainly give an idea as to whether those auditors are competent. So, once you’ve sourced your competent auditors you can very quickly put together an audit program.

Management Review

The final step in the Chain of the process is that you need to establish, relate to what we call a management review. So once you’ve taken your time to identify risks, implement your controls, and also check whether those controls are working and you have done your internal audit, the final step really is to then work with senior management to understand whether the ISMS is achieving what you’ve set out for it to achieve and then to really identify where you go from here in terms of your security strategy. The key thing to stress with all of those points is that these are the simple processes that you need to design to get an ISMS up and running. To get real benefit from your ISMS is not just about certification, is not just about doing what you need to do to get through the audit. there is a lot of work from here to do in terms of embedding these processes., raising awareness. Getting people in your organization familiar with what their role is from a security point of view and having a long-term strategy to achieve your objectives. But the 10 steps we’ve just written are a great way of starting the project and getting something together in your organization.

What are the Benefits to My Business?

Implementing an ISMS to ISO/IEC 27001 system will give the following benefits to your organization:

-Reduce the need for audits

This Certification is globally recognized as a symbol of security, hence reducing the need for organizations to undergo external audits.

– Improve structure and focus

This globally recognized standard enables organizations to wind up more beneficial as “information risk responsibilities” are purely secured by attaining ISO/IEC 27001 certification.

– Protect and enhance business

In today’s Cloud storage-based world, cyber-attacks are increasing vigorously, and they might cause financial and reputational damage, which can be disastrous. Implementing this Certification can help and protect organizations against such threats and give credibility to clients.

– Avoid financial penalties and loss with data breaches

This Certification is the acknowledged worldwide benchmark for the powerful administration of data resources, empowering the certified organization to avoid heavy penalties due to non-compliance with data protection, leading to financial loss due to data breaches.

Why Is this Certification needed?

Even though each organization produces its risk assessment report, it still needs certifications to secure and be aware of cybercrimes’ threats fully. The following reasons elaborate why this ISMS certification

It was developed to provide a model for establishing, implementing, operating, monitoring, reviewing, maintaining, and improving an information security management system.

– Its implementation is a benefit for the organization so that the certified body does not need to make an extra effort to satisfy external audits.

– This certification controls and manages risk in an organized and appropriate manner to the business.

– Built into this ISMS management system is a continuous implementation cycle.

Plan – Do – Check – Act

Following this cycle will allow the organizations to improve their security controls continuously. In addition, this check & balance and updated security to prevent data breaches may give these certified bodies a wider business.

ISO 27001 certified bodies withholding strong accreditations from renowned certification bodies follow their benchmarks for cybersecurity. Information security is a business problem and not an IT problem because risk-based approaches are vital for modern information security effectiveness. Moreover, its implementation gives confidence to the management and the clients as Certification is a powerful way of demonstrating that you have contributed and will continue to invest in keeping suitable levels of security based on acknowledged risks.

Why Is This Certification Preferred Over Other Standards of Information Security?

This Certification is a flexible standard that all industries and developments can adopt. It can be coordinated at numerous layers to ensure security and compliance. Its flexibility gives it a distinctive edge over other Information Security standards.

ISO 27001: 2018 Certification In Pakistan

Pakistan is steadily growing in Information technology infrastructure and data-driven businesses. This change is bringing stricter data- security and data- privacy laws. With existing and new cybersecurity threats, organizations must adopt data security standards prescribed by this Certification.

From initial security audit to risk assessment, business impact analysis to implementation, TUV Austria’s team makes sure that all processes are followed according to international standards.

TUV Austria provides the best-in-class Certification and ISO 27001 Lead Auditor Certification. We take pride in delivering excellent services across a myriad of industries in Pakistan & Bangladesh.

ISO 27001: 2018 Certification Process

Planning & Scoping

The Auditor will seek to understand the scope of the certification and establish dates for the Stage 1 Audit

Docs:  ISO 27001 Application Later

Stage 1 Audit

The Auditor will typically examine ‘high risk’ items to validate the client is ready for stage 2 Audit. This is typically remote or 1-2 days on-site, Depending on the auditor.

Docs:  ISMS, Information Security Policies, Risk Assessment, Internal Audit.

Stage 2 Audit

Stage 2 is the most intrusive part of the audit. The auditor will typically be on-site for at least 1 week.

Docs:  Your Team will need to provide between 100-150 audit articles.

ISO 27001: 2018 Certification Cost in Pakistan

In today’s cloud computing environment, organizations that want to reduce costs without compromising information security are looking at this Certification as a value for money solution.

It is not possible to come up with the cost without a detailed risk assessment. Price also depends on many factors like:

  • Size of Organization.Structure of Operations.
  • Maturity and Complexity of Existing IT Systems.

Generally, this certification cost in Pakistan is not much compared to the cybersecurity and brand equity benefits it offers to organizations and their valuable data.


  • This does not have to be a complex one, but rather an insight into what events might affect your business.
  • Each department of the business should be consulted when carrying out this task, as you will be aware of all the potential risks affecting your business.

Why Choose TUV Austria Bureau of Inspection & Certification For Implementing ISO 27001 Requirements

Some of the leading international accreditation bodies have awarded TUV Austria Bureau of Inspection & Certification with the accreditation to offer certification to a vast range of industry sectors. For certification services, TUV Austria BIC is the preferred brand across multiple industry sectors.

Local Regulatory authorities like The Pakistan National Accreditation Council (PNAC)The Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC) also recognizes TUV Austria Bureau of Inspection & Certification as a leading certification and inspection body in Pakistan. TUV Austria BIC has earned global respect instead of its approach and service quality through its highly trained and experienced Consultants. Our professional auditors work with clients to guarantee that the requirements are successfully maintained and continuously improved to be up to customers’ expectations and the law.

In addition, to ISO 27001:2018 audits we also offer a range of complimentary services:


What is the ISO/IEC 27000 series of standards?

The ISO/IEC 27000-series (also known as the ‘ISMS Family of Standards’ or ‘ISO27K’ for short) comprises information security standards published jointly by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electro-technical Commission (IEC).

What is the ISO 27002 standard?

ISO/IEC 27002 is an information security standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and by the International Electro-technical Commission (IEC), titled Information technology – Security techniques – Code of practice for information security controls.

What is the difference between ISO 27001 and 27002?

ISO/IEC 27002:2013 gives guidelines for organizational information security standards and information security management practices. It is a document that offers in-depth guidance on how to implement ISO 27001 standards. So, an organization cannot get Certification for ISO 27002.

How much time does it take to get a Certification?

 On average, this Certification takes 8 to 9 months to implement.

What is GDPR?

The General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (“GDPR”) is a regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy for all individuals within the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). It also addresses the export of personal data outside the EU and EEA areas.

 Can we get this Certification without having ISO 9001?

 Yes, We can obtain it without ISO 9001.

Is it only for IT Department?

NO, Security is everyone’s job! Every organization needs to protect its sensitive data. Risks are identified, and Risk Treatment Plan is implemented to prevent loss of data.

Integration for Customer Feedback?

An integrated system means a company can efficiently manage the quality of its services, handle customer feedback and solve problems while keeping information safe.

Would you mind sending an Enquiry so we can assist you in getting certified?

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