History of ISO
So Why do we need to understand the history of ISO? Once you know why things happen in a certain way. It’s easy to understand the what and the how and super easy to remember. So let’s begin we are going back to the year 1781 when James watt, a Scottish inventor mechanical engineering chemist, improved the steam engine, which was fundamental to the first industrial revolution.
Until then, you may use the power of nature such as wind or water, or they used animals to carry out the work; of course, there was no mass protection. But small workshops that produced individual items with the help of apprentices.
In addition to the steam engine, an American Mechanical Engineer named Fedrick Taylor also contributed to the development of the industry. For ten years, Taylor developed the method of scientific management, which means breaking down complex work into small parts so that each employee is responsible for producing just one part of the product. In this method, each worker can make lots of components within a given period and increase production. Once the work was broken down into pieces, mass production was possible. But here, new problems were aroused.
- The parts of the product did not always fit.
- The raw materials were not always good.
- The workers are not skilled at the same level.
Exactly at this point, the development of quality theories began to meet requirements and save on production costs. The quality of the product droplet even heads of state back in the first world war when bombardments of the British arms manufacturers did not explode on the battlefield. In world war 2, The problem worsened; the bombs did explode but in the factory.
Therefore, The British Ministry of Defense sent inspectors to the factories and required manufacturers to have written procedures to ensure the uniformity of the bombs. They did not want some of the bombs to be good, and some to explode in the factory, but we are seeking uniformity. So they have created a standard for bombs manufacturing. After the British Ministry of Defense demanded a standard, many more bars were born, including for other products, not just bombs.
Various Countries, The United States, Canada, and Germany: The variety of standards made it difficult to the manufacturers to meet everyone’s requirements and decelerated the International trade.
A solution was required. The solution came in 1947, two years after World War 2. An organization called ISO was established, an economy of International Organization for Standardization, with the purpose, was to unify the various standards within the countries’ agreement. It is the most extensive International Writing standard in non-profit organizations.
Today, its members include 165 countries. ISO has written about 19,500 standards in food, aerospace, pharmaceuticals, printing, and many more. International Organization for Standardization is known as ISO. It is International Standard-Setting Body. It is composed of representatives from Various National Standards Organizations. ISO is an independent body and does not interfere with any GOVT in this body. Read More…